Unit 5    Romance

 

Objectives

Students will be able to:

1.       grasp the main idea (the nature of a heart is seen in its response to the unattractive) and structure of the text;

2.       appreciate the narrative skills demonstrated in the text (switch between tenses, change of narrators), some rhetorical devices (simile and metaphor) and the use of informal language in conversations;

3.       master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text;

4.       conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking and writing activities related to the theme of the unit.

 

Time Allotment

1st period

2nd period

3rd period

4th period

Pre-reading tasks

Cultural notes

Text organization

Language study

Language study

Text analysis

Post-reading tasks

 

 

Pre-reading Tasks

1.       Tasks several Ss this question:

Have you listened to the song Valentine? Judging from the song, what is a valentine? (possible answer : a lover; one’s boy friend or girl friend)

2.       Physical response : T writes down some verbal phrases from the text on card, hands them to several students, then asks them to perform, either alone or in pairs, for the rest of the class to guess what the corresponding verbal phrases are. The verbal phrases are:

stand up from one’s seat         straighten one’s clothes        start toward somebody

make one step closer to somebody     stand directly behind somebody

square one’s shoulders           hold out a book to somebody       grip a book

OR:

Treads out some verbal phrases and all Ss perform the actions together. The verbal phrases are:

stand up from one’s seat       straighten one’s clothes        grip a book

square one’s shoulders         hold out a book              broaden into a smile

 

Text Organization and Analysis

Parts

Paragraphs

Main   Ideas

Part One

Para.1

John Blanchard was expecting someone at Grand Central Station

Part Two

Paras 2-6

How John Blanchard had fallen in love with Miss Maynell.

Part Three

Paras 7-15

Miss Maynell put Blanchard to a test.

Part Four

Paras 16-17

It was wise of Miss Maynell to give such a test.

 

In this text there are some examples of simile and metaphor. A simile is a comparison of one thing to another, using the words “like” or “as”, e.g., “her hair was black as night”; “in her green suit she was like springtime come alive” (Para. 7). A metaphor is a suggested but not stated comparison of one thing to another, e.g., “while I spoke I felt choked by the bitterness of my disappointment” (Para. 14).

Notice also that the characters talk in a rather informal way. For example, “Going my way, sailor?” is an incomplete sentence. Or see how the middle-aged woman spoke in Para. 15“son”, “go and tell”, “some kind of ” and so on are all casual.

 

Cultural Notes

Public libraries in the U.S.: public libraries in the U.S. are free to the public. One can get a library card at the local library by filling in a form and showing the librarian a valid ID and something to prove that one lives in the neighborhood (e.g., a used and stamped envelope with one’s name as the addressee, one’s phone bill, gas bill, etc.). Besides borrowing books, people go to libraries to borrow video tapes, use the computers there, attend book readings by authors and other cultural events. Libraries are regarded as community centers.

 

Language Study

1.       straighten  v.:  (cause to) become straight or level or tidy  (使)变直;(使)变平整

   e.g. He straightened the bent wire.  

The road straightened out here.

straighten out 1)变直;把…弄直 2)克服,解决(困难)

e.g. I don’t know how to straighten the mess out. 我不知道该如何收拾这个烂摊子。

straighten up 1)把身体挺直 2)整顿,整理

e.g. She straightened the kitchen up.   她把厨房收拾的干干净净。

2.       make one’s way: go  走去

e.g. In the evening the Gadfly made his way to the appointed meeting-place.

When the concert ended I made my way out of the hall.

3.       reflect  v.: (1) be a sign of, show; express  反映;显示

e.g. Does this letter reflect your real opinions / reflect how you really think?

(2) throw back (heat, light, sound, or an image) 反射;映现

e.g. Her face was reflected in the mirror.

(3) consider carefully  (on / upon)考虑;深思;反省

e.g. I reflected on the possible reasons for my failure.

4.       insight n.: the power of using one’s mind to understand something deeply, without help from  

outside information 洞察力;眼光

e.g. a man of great insight 洞察力强的人

   gain an insight into sb’s mind.  看透某人的内心

       have an insight into …  对…具有洞察力

e.g. She has a keen insight into character. 她对人的性格有敏锐的洞察力。

5.       previous  a. : happening or coming before or earlier 早先的,先前的

e.g. It is illustrated on the previous page. 在前一页有图解说明。

Without previous experience in teaching my chances of getting the job will be slim.

I regret that a previous engagement prevents me from accepting your kind invitation.  很遗憾我已有约,故无法接受你好意的邀请。

previous to: before  在…之前

e.g. Previous to leaving for France, he studied a lot about the country.

   I know nothing about the accident; it happened previous to my arrival here.

6.       locate  vt. : (1) find the exact position of ; 找到…的位置,探明,查明

e.g. Keep talking with him for five more seconds and I will locate the place he is calling from.

   An X-ray will help locate where your ring has gone in your dog’s stomach.

(2) establish in a certain place 使坐落于,把…设置在

e.g. The top fashion designer located his flagship store on Fifth Avenue in New York.

Note:  be located /situated in = lie in“坐落于,位于”,但“locate, situate”用被动语态;“lie”用主动语态。

e.g. Zhejiang Province lies in / is located in the east of China.

7.       correspond  v. : (1) exchange letters regularly  (with) 通信

e.g. Even after becoming president, he still corresponds with his old friends personally instead of asking his secretary to do it.

(2) be in agreement; match   (with, to) 相符合,成一致

e.g. These goods don’t correspond with / to the list of those I ordered.

(3) be like or equal  (to) 相当,相类似

e.g. Does the Irish word “COLLEEN” correspond to the English word “girl”?

   The American Congress corresponds the British Parliament.

   美国的国会相当于英国的议会。

8.       overseas  ad., a. : to or in another country  去(在)国外(的), 去(在)海外(的)

e.g. Spring Festival is coming and many Chinese are planning to go traveling overseas.

We are trying to build up overseas markets of our cars.

    Note: students overseas 指正在海外学习的留学生,overseas students指已从海外学习归来的学生,归国留学生

9.       fertile  a. : (1) (of land) able to produce good crops 肥沃的,富饶的

e.g. Human civilization first bloomed in fertile lands along big rivers. China is a case in point.

(2)    producing many young, fruit; capable of developing 多产的;有繁殖力的;能发展的

e.g. Are these eggs / seeds fertile?  这些是受精卵吗?(这些种子能生长吗?)

   Some fish are very fertile; they lay 1000’s of eggs. 

(3)    (of a person’s mind) inventive; full of ideas, plans, suggestions, etc.(想象力或创造力)丰富的

e.g. Martha has a fertile imagination --- she always thinks I’m going to be murdered.

   George is always fertile in new plans.乔治的脑子里装满了新计划。

10.   take a chance (on sth.) : attempt to do sth. In spite of the possibility of failure ; take a risk

(= take chances)   碰运气;冒险

e.g. I haven’t booked a ticket, I’m taking a chance on the theater not being full.

   You’re taking a chance of going bankrupt. 你在冒着破产的危险。

   You should never take chances when driving a car.  开车时决不应冒险。

 

大纲中含 “chance” 的词组有::

by chance               偶然,碰巧

by any chance           万一,也许

chance on / upon        偶然找到,偶然遇到

stand a chance of       有…的希望,有…的可能

11.   disgust  v. : cause a strong and often sick feeling of dislike 使厌恶,使反感

e.g. The awful food at the hotel disgusted me.

The way they treat their children disgusts all the neighbors.

   be / feel disgusted at / by / with : 对…感到厌恶

   e.g. I’m completely disgusted at / by / with you / your rude behavior.

    n. strong feeling of dislike or distaste (caused by an unpleasant sight, sound, or smell, or by bad behavior)

     in disgust  厌恶地;    disgust at / with  对…反感

    e.g. He turned away in disgust.

        His disgust at the government’s policy caused him to resign.

12.   schedule  v.: arrange for sth. to happen or to be done at a particular time 安排,排定

Note: It can be used in the pattern: be scheduled to do sth., be scheduled for sth.

e.g. A foreign visitor is scheduled to give a lecture tomorrow afternoon.

A fireworks display is scheduled for New year’s Eve.

n. : (1) a list or statement of things to be done, dealt with, etc. 时刻表,日程安排表

e.g. The schedule leaves us a wide margin of time for self-study. 这张时间表给我们留出充裕的自学时间。

(2) a formal list, as a list of prices or a list of details related to some other matter in writing 清单,明细表

e.g. a schedule of freight rates  运费一览表

    a schedule of prices  价目表

 

大纲中含 “schedule” 的词组有:

head of schedule  较预定(时间)提前

behind schedule  比预定(时间)落后

on schedule按时间表,及时,准时

e.g. The train arrived on schedule.

13.   sustain  vt. : (1) support emotionally, bear (difficulty)  支持,支撑

e.g. He was sustained by an unshakable belief in his own ability to overcome the difficulties.

(2) keep (an effort, etc.) going, maintain  使(努力等)持续下去,保持

e.g. The teacher tried hard to sustain the children’s interest in learning English.

(3) suffer; undergo  经受,遭受

e.g. The pilot sustained severe injuries when his plane crashed.

(4) keep strong; strengthen  供养,维持(生命等)

e.g. A light meal will not sustain us through the day.

14.   slim  a. : (1) (esp. of people) attractively thin, not fat; slender  苗条的, 纤细的

e.g. The slim-waisted girl over there is a rising film star.

(2)    (of hope, probability, etc.) slight; small(机会、希望等)渺茫的; 微小的

e.g. The chances of the Chinese Men’s Football Team winning the World Cup are slim.

The single mother supported her two kids with her slim waitress’ income.

v. : eat less, diet, take exercise, etc. with the object of reducing one’s weight  (用运动、节食等)减轻体重,变苗条

e.g. I don’t want any cake; I’m slimming / trying to slim.

15.   delicate  a. : (1) fine, well-formed  精美的,雅致的

e.g. The winner in the contest will be awarded a delicate violin.

(2)    soft, tender  娇弱的,纤细的

e.g. Only the gentlest creams are fit for a baby’s delicate skin.

(3)    easily broken or hurt  易碎的,脆弱的

e.g. Be careful with that china; it’s very delicate.

(4)    requiring careful treatment or skillful handling  棘手的,微妙的

e.g. a delicate diplomatic question  微妙的外交问题

a delicate surgical operation  很难做的外科手术

16.   go sb.’s way : go in sb.’s direction   与某人同路

e.g. I wasn’t sure whether he was going my way or not, so I decided to go home by myself.

   He’s going my way so he can give me a lift. 他和我同路,可以顺便开车送我。

大纲中含 “way” 的词组有:

all the way           一直,完全

by the way           顺便地,附带地说

by way of            经过,经由;通过…的方式

give way             让路;让步,屈服; 坍塌,倒塌

go out of one’s way     特地,不怕麻烦地

in a way              在某种程度上,从某一点上看

in no way             决不

in the / sb’s way        防碍,阻碍; 挡(某人)道的

lead the way           带路,引路

make one’s way         去,前往,行进

make way             让路,腾出地方或位置

no way               无论如何不,不可能

on one’s way to        在…途中

one way or another      以某种形式

out of the way          偏远的,难以到达的; 被处理好,得到解决

under way             在进行中

17.   sailor  n. 水手,海员,航海者

a good sailor  不晕船的人,善于乘船的人

a bad / poor sailor  会晕船的人

18.   more than a little : very  很,非常

e.g. The child was more than a little excited to have Michael Jordan sign his T-shirt.

   If you tell your father what you have done, he’ll be more than a little angry.

Note: more than a littlenot a little同义

e.g. He was more than a little / not a little surprised.他感到十分惊讶。

19.   thrust  v.  push suddenly or with great strength 猛推; 挤入;插入

e.g. He thrust the guard aside.

Don’t thrust your hands into your pocket.

My mother thrust herself into our conversation.

   (2) make a forward stroke with a sword, knife, etc.  刺,戳

e.g. Hamlet thought he had thrust the sword into his uncle’s heart, but instead he killed his girlfriend’s father.

   The murder thrust at him with a knife.

n. : forceful forward push, an act of thrusting  推;刺,戳

e.g. The general ordered his army to make a deep thrust into the enemy position.

20.   keen  a. : (1) (of interest, feelings, etc.) strong; deep  强烈的;热切的

e.g. Barbara watched her husband dancing with the slim girl in red with keen jealousy.

(2) interested; eager  热心的,渴望的

  (be) keen on / about 热衷于,非常喜欢

  (be) keen to do   渴望…,非常想…

e.g. Two thirds of the female students in my class are keen on soccer.

She is out of hospital and keen to get back to work.

(3) (of the mind, the senses) active; sensitive; sharp  敏锐的,敏捷的

e.g. Dogs have keen hearing.

(4) (of points and edges) sharp  锋利的,刺人的

e.g. a knife with a keen edge

    a keen wind

21.   long for: want sb. or sth. very much  渴望,极想

e.g. The old lady longed for her daughter to visit her on her 80th birthday instead of just sending her a check.

   Juliet longed for Romeo’s love so much that she was willing to die for him.

22. sensible  a. : (1) showing or having good sense; reasonable 通情达理的,理智的

e.g. You’ve made a sensible decision by not wearing high-heeled shoes while driving.

(2) knowing; recognizing; aware (of)  发觉的;感知的

   be sensible of 觉察到

e.g. He is sensible of the danger of his position. 他发觉到他处境的危险。

(3) noticeable; that can be sensed  能觉察出的;明显的

e.g. a sensible fall in temperature 明显的降温

Note: sensible(感知的)不同于sensitive(敏感的)(be sensitive to 对…敏感)

23. glow  n. : (1) a warm light  光亮,光辉

e.g. A red glow in the western sky foretells rain on the following day.

(2) the feeling and signs of heat and color in the body and face 脸红;(身体)发热

e.g. cheeks with the glow of health on them

(3) a strong feeling, warm feeling  激情

e.g. in a glow of enthusiasm  热情洋溢地

   in the glow of anger  怒火中烧

v. : (1) send out brightness and warmth without flame  发光,发亮

e.g. The iron bar glowed when it was heated.

(2) show redness and heat in the face and the body, esp. after hard work or because of strong feelings  (脸)红;(身体)发热

 e.g. I knew I had said something stupid, and my cheeks began to glow with shame.

24. identify  vt. : (1) recognize or say who or what (sb./ sth.) is  识别,认出

e.g. Dead bodies in the air-crash were identified by dental records.

   How can you identify your baggage among those hundreds of others?

(2) make, treat, consider, as being the same   (with)把…等同于;认同

e.g. Wealth cannot be identified with happiness.

The teacher tries to identify himself with the students.

25. grateful  a. : feeling or showing thanks to another person  感激的

be grateful to (sb.) for (sth.)  因(某事)而感激(某人)

e.g. The mother was grateful to the strangers for saving her son’s life

.   I’m most grateful to you for introducing me around so that I no longer feel lonely in the new place.

26. response n. : reaction; answer  反应;回答

in response to : in answer to  作为对…的回应

e.g. Stock prices went down in response to the news of a possible oil crisis.

Note: in response to in reply to都可作“作为对…的答复”讲。

e.g. What will you do in reply / response to his proposal?

 

Post-reading Tasks

1.     Group Discussion

1)      How do you understand Houssaye’s remark “Tell me whom you love, and I will tell you who you are”?

2)      John Blanchard and Hollis Maynell were pen-pals-turned-lovers. Do you think it wise to develop friendship or even love with a pen pal or a key pal? Why or why not?

3)      If you loved someone but your parents forbade you to see him or her, what would you do?

2.     T guides Ss through some after-text exercises and checks on Ss’ home reading (Text B).

3.  Role play: Key Pals’ Meeting

4.  Essay-writing

Please write an essay entitled A Memorable Meeting. Your essay should cover the following points:

1)      Whom you met.

2)      When, where and how you met.

3)      What happened during the meeting.

4)      In what way the meeting was significant to you.